Is Iran nuclear deal a sine qua non before Afghanistan peace agreement?
While USA and Iran decided to get back into Iran Nuclear deal almost three years after USA withdrawal from Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action (JCPOA) under Trump presidency in May 2018, the instability of golden crescent region of Asia is still in volatile circumstances. Though, both nations have divergent issues but since same foreign state players are operational in their respective land, Iran nuclear deal became like a mandate to USA for any future possibilities in Afghanistan.
In May 2018, Trump’s administration announced its withdrawal from Iran Nuclear Deal which caused many unexpected developments in Iran affecting its neighbouring countries specially Afghanistan, which has been a prolonged sufferer of terrorism and uncertainty due to the intervention of state and non-state actors sponsoring terrorism to jeopardize Afghan statehood.
Iran’s role in Afghan-Soviet role might not be popular, but it couldn’t be ignored either. Some pieces of incidents proffer inside sources that how Iran under Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, which was earlier claimed to be in American Cartel along with Pakistan when precariousness first took place inside Afghanistan lead to Taraki’s assassination and a coup inside the government that later exposed of an act inculcating by Soviet Union. Nur Mohammed Taraki was that time serving as the General secretary of Central Committee of People’s Democratic Party and Chairman of Council of Ministers, marking his key position inside Afghanistan. Taraki remained a strong opponent of Iran and Pakistan interference in Afghanistan.
Even in current scenario, a report shared by international sources in 2020, revealed that Afghanistan government is investigating some of the serious allegations accusing Iran for torturing Afghan refugees in a very inhumane way. In 2020, Iran hosted a secret meeting with Taliban political chief Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar in Tehran. The Taliban political chief was welcomed by Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in Tehran Airport. Iran has also been a medium for arms and drug smuggling in Afghanistan to pressurized the Ashraf Ghani government with an attempt to brace the Taliban power. Iran is predominantly assuming a free hand to be intrusive inside Afghanistan.